This on-line directory holds
information for over 350 companies that have stated they accept
certain materials for recycling or reuse from Michigan generators
or community programs.
materials in this directory fall into eight different sections:
Drums and Barrels
Oils and Solvents
Pallets, Wood and Yard Waste
DRUMS AND BARRELS
- Cleaning Service:
Containers that have held hazardous waste must be triple-rinsed
to meet EPA standards before reuse or reclamation. Some
reclaimers offer this service.
- Fiber Drums: Fiber drums
are used mainly to ship and store non-hazardous products and
liquids. They generally come in 30 and 55 gallon sizes. These
may have fiber sides with metal ends.
- Metal Drums: These
containers come in two varieties: open head and closed head.
Open head metal drums are used to ship and store powders, dry
materials and wastes. Closed head metal drums are used for
liquids. Sizes vary between 5 and 55 gallons.
- Plastic Drums: Plastic
drums vary in size from 1 gallon pails to 55 gallon drums.
Plastic drums and barrels are used for shipping and storing
acids, soaps, non-hazardous and non-flammable liquids, petroleum
products, paints, solvents, oils and resins.
- Other: Other types of
drums may be of interest to the listed company. See notes for
that company for more information.
POINTS TO REMEMBER IN MANAGING USED
1. Always empty containers
thoroughly. Any material left in the drum is a wasted resource
that has already been paid for by your business. Dirty containers
are not as valuable to reclaimers. If material left in a container
is considered a hazardous waste, your company is liable for its
2. Avoid container damage. The
value of used containers is highest if there are no structural
3. Make appropriate choices. Avoid
disposable containers. Reuse containers whenever possible. Recycle
damaged or unusable containers.
Whether selling or giving used
containers to reconditioners, secondary users or processors,
businesses should know who is taking the containers and what will
be done with them. This is especially important if the containers
have held hazardous materials. For more information about this
topic, call the Environmental Assistance Center at 1-800-662-9278
and request the fact sheet “Managing Used Containers.”
- Clear Glass: Colorless
glass used for glass beverage bottles and food jars. The
materials is called “flint” by the glass industry. Flint has
higher value than other recycled glass.
- Green Glass: Green
colored glass used for beverage bottles.
- Brown Glass: Brown or
amber colored glass used for beverage bottles and food jars.
- Mixed Glass: Mixtures of
clear, green and brown container glass. Mixed color glass
currently has few markets.
- Window Glass: Glass from
building windows. This does not include automobile window glass
that will be checked under “other” and mentioned in the comments
area if a company accepts it.
- Light Bulbs: Incandescent
bulbs. Few companies recycle these items due to the number of
components that need to be separated before material can be
- Fluorescent Bulbs:* The
bulbs may test as hazardous waste. A recycling facility may have
to be licensed to manage hazardous waste Several states have
banned landfill disposal of these items because of the
possibility of leaching hazardous materials. Generally, these
bulbs need to be packaged carefully for shipment to a recycler
since most companies will not accept broken bulbs. Always
contact the recycler to get preparation instructions.
- Other Glass:* This
includes forms of glass not otherwise classified such as
ovenware, drinking glasses, mirrors, plate glass with solar
shield coating, etc. Check the comments section for any company
taking other glass.
Contamination Limits. Since the
largest use of recycled glass is the manufacture of new glass,
freedom from contamination is critical. Paper labels and foreign
material that are easily rinsed away are not a problem but paint
residues and different types of glass (such as ceramics, dishware
and ovenware) are major problems. Be sure to contact the company
whose services are of interest to get specific information
*Waste Management Division guidance
electric lamps and
universal waste are available to assist in managing
fluorescent bulbs and other potentially hazardous glass. Call the
Environmental Assistance Center at 1-800-662-9278 to request
copies. Another fact sheet that may help answer questions about
managing electric lamps is "Handling
Spent Electric Lamps Fact Sheet,"
- Aluminum Cans:
Post-consumer beverage cans.
- Tin Cans: Post-consumer
tinned steel cans, plain steel cans and steel cans with aluminum
ends. Includes paint cans that have been emptied and lids. (The
emptied cans and lids may have a thin dried paint coating that
is left as the paint is used or drained from the container.)
Also includes spray cans that been emptied and depressurized to
the extent possible with the spray mechanism. Check with your
market. Not all companies that accept tin cans will accept paint
and aerosol cans.
- Aluminum: All scrap
aluminum other than cans.
- Copper/Brass/Bronze: All
scrap copper, brass and bronze. Metals may be plated. Includes
auto radiators. This column does not include insulated wire and
cable, which is categorized as “Other.”
- Iron/Steel: All scrap
iron and low carbon steel, including galvanized steel. High
carbon alloy steels are not included; they are categorized as
- Stainless Steel: All
- White Goods: Used
appliances. Many processors of white metal require removal of
all capacitors to avoid potential PCB contamination of their
facilities. As of July 1, 1992, CFC’s used in refrigerators,
freezers, air conditioners and other cooling systems cannot be
exhausted into the atmosphere. Proper recapture is mandatory
before an appliance can be reclaimed. Check with your market to
see if refrigeration reclamation is part of the service or if
CFC’s must be removed before white goods are accepted.
- Zinc: Cast zinc scrap.
- Other Metal: Gold,
silver, platinum, palladium, nickel, magnesium, mercury,
titanium, lead, alloy steels and all other metals not otherwise
classified. “Other” metals are described in the “Comments” block
of each applicable listing. Some specialty items are gold
reclamation from printed circuit boards and silver reclamation
from film and spent photochemicals. Battery reclaimers can be
found in the Miscellaneous section of this directory.
Note: Metal reclamation is one of
the oldest forms of recycling. There may be more metal recyclers
in your area. Check the local telephone book under “scrap metals.”
OILS AND SOLVENTS
- Antifreeze: Used ethylene
glycol/water mixtures. There are two types of recycling
businesses: 1) those that filter and chemically treat and 2)
those that distill. There are also mobile antifreeze recyclers
who will come to your facility.
- CF:* Cutting fluid. This
can come in two varieties: synthetic and oil based. Used oil
based cutting fluids can be treated as used oil.
- FO:* Fuel oil.
- IO:* Industrial oil.
- Lube Grease:* Lubricating
- Oil Filters: Oil filters
contain residual oil, metal and fiber. Some businesses provide a
reclamation service for these items.
- Paint: Solid, partially
solid and liquid residues that result from painting processes.
May be oil based or water based paints. This category also
includes unused power paints. This material may test as a
hazardous waste. Recyclers may need to be licensed to handle
- PSF:* Power steering
- Solvents: Common types of
recyclable solvents are the aliphatics (hexane, heptane,
stoddard solvent, mineral spirits), aromatics (toluene, xylene),
ketones (acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone),
esters (ethyl acetate, butyl acetate), alcohols (butyl, methyl,
isopropyl) chlorinated solvents (methylene chloride,
perchloroethylene, trichloroethylene, 1,1,1 trichloroethane and
1,1,2 trichlorotrifluoroethane). Contact the listed companies to
find out exactly what material they accept.
- Transmission Fluid:*
- Used Oil:* Used motor
- Other: See comments
section for explanation of other materials accepted by company.
*Items marked with asterisk fall
under the hazardous waste exemption for used oil if they are
reclaimed. **All of these materials may be considered hazardous
wastes if they are disposed. For more information, see
Hazardous Waste Management Literature and Forms.
For more information on managing
oil and solvent wastes, call the Environmental Assistance Center (EAC)
at 1-800-662-9278 to request the following fact sheets: “Preventing
Groundwater Contamination,” “Considerations in Selecting a
Distillation Unit for On-Site Solvent Recycling,” or “Considerations
in Selecting a Commercial (Off-Site) Solvent Recycling Service.”.
Waste Management Division guidance documents for managing
used oil & spent filters are also available through the EAC.
PALLETS, WOOD AND
YARD WASTE SECTION
- Bark: Tree bark and
- Construction Debris:
Scrap pieces of lumber and building supplies from construction
sites. See comments section for specifics on companies that
accept this material.
- Demolition Debris:
Material that is recoverable from the demolition of buildings.
See comments section for specifics for companies that accept
- Grass: Lawn and yard
- Leaves: Leaves that have
fallen from trees during the fall season.
- Pallets: Used wooden
pallets. May also include used metal, corrugated cardboard and
- Scrap Lumber: Used
lumber. Includes plywood, wood particle board and shredded
- Sawdust: Residues from
sawing, sanding and other wood finishing processes.
- Stumps/Trees: Material
generated from areas being cleared for development.
- Other: Includes any wood
material not listed in other categories or a special service
provided by the company.
- Computer Paper: White
sulphite or sulphate paper used in data processing. Known as CPO
(Computer Printout) in the recycling business. Excludes computer
paper made with groundwood. (Paper processors use a chemical
test to determine the presence of groundwood.)
- High Grade: High grade
office paper. Uncoated and untreated, white or off-white,
sulphite or sulphate paper, such as letterhead or bond quality
paper. Paper may have any color of print on it and may include
- Mixed Office: Mixtures of
white and colored sulphite or sulphate paper used in offices,
excluding paper coated with wax, carbon paper and plastics.
Termed “file stock.” May include steel staples, paper clips and
heavy paper binders.
- OCC: Old corrugated
containers. Clean corrugated containers that have no more than a
small amount of plastic tape on the surface.
- Paperboard: Paper
commonly used for cereal boxes and other consumer goods.
- ONP: Old newsprint.
- Magazines: Clay-coated,
glossy paper commonly used for magazines.
- Phone Books: Telephone
directories, both white pages and yellow pages.
- Office Paper Recycling
Services: These are office paper recycling services that are
offered by some companies exclusively, while other companies
offer this service in conjunction with other recycling or waste
- Other: Miscellaneous
paper grades that are described in the “Comments” block.
Contamination Limits Limits vary with end use. Contact one or
more paper brokers or processors to determine quality limits
that are required.
For more information regarding
paper waste reduction, see the fact sheets, “Reducing
Corrugated Cardboard Waste” or “Reducing
Office Paper Waste.”
*The Plastic Container Code Number
System was developed by the plastics industry to assist recyclers
in identifying the various types of plastics that are used in
making containers for consumer products. The numbers are to be
molded in, or printed on, the surfaces of containers. The code
system is being used for non-container and non-consumer plastic
products in many instances.
COMMON USES BY CODE
#1 BEVERAGE CONTAINERS
#2 MILK BOTTLES, DETERGENT BOTTLES
#3 FOOD WRAPS, VEGETABLE OIL
BOTTLES, VINYL SIDING BLISTER PACKS
#4 SHRINK WRAP, DRY CLEANING BAGS,
#5 MARGARINE & YOGURT TUBS & CAPS
#6 FOAMED POLYSTYRENE DISHWARE,
DISPOSABLE FLATWARE, CASSETTE CASES, EGG CARTONS
#7 MISCELLANEOUS OTHER PLASTICS.
OFTEN FOUND IN APPLIANCES, AUTOMOBILES, COMPUTERS, ELECTRONIC
EQUIPMENT, SEAT FOAM.
- Abrasives: Includes
powders, balls, shot, grit and irregularly shaped pieces of
abrasive media, including grinding wheels and pads.
- Batteries, Dry Cell:*
Solid electrolytic batteries, including alkaline, carbon zinc,
lithium, mercury, nickel cadmium, silver, etc. This material may
test as a hazardous waste. The recycling company may need to be
licensed to manage hazardous waste.
- Batteries, Lead Acid:
These batteries are used primarily in transportation vehicles
and may test as a hazardous waste. They may be exempt from
hazardous waste regulations if they are reclaimed.
- CFC’s: On July 1, 1992,
it became illegal to knowingly vent ozone depleting compounds
used as refrigerants into the atmosphere while maintaining,
servicing, repairing, or disposing of air conditioning or
refrigerating appliances. This material may test as a hazardous
waste. It may be exempt from hazardous waste regulations if it
- Electronics:* This
category includes computers, copiers, telephone systems and many
other electronic devices. See Comments for more information
about what a company is interested in. The MDEQ classifies
cathode ray tubes (CRT's) found in televisions and computer
monitors as electric lamps. See the guidance documents on
universal waste and
electronic equipment for more information.
- Office Furniture: Many
office furniture units are being refurbished for reuse. These
companies are interested in obtaining used modular units.
- Textiles: Woven and
non-woven fibrous materials of any kind.
- Tires/Rubber: Tires and
rubber scrap. Terms often used by these companies are tire
derived fuel (TDF) and crumb rubber modifier (CRM). Michigan has
specific regulations for scrap tire haulers and collection
sites. For a current list of registered scrap tire haulers or
registered scrap tire collection sites in Michigan, call the
Scrap Tire Program, Michigan Department of Environmental
Quality, Waste Management Division at 517/335-4035.
- Toner Cartridges: This
category contains companies that accept toner, copier, fax
cartridges, printer ribbons, and other replaceable printing
devices. Check Comments for specifics.
- Other: See comments
section for an explanation of what materials are accepted or
what special service is provided.
*Some of these materials might be
universal wastes. For a Waste Management Division guidance
document regarding universal waste, contact the Environmental
Assistance Division at 1-800-662-9278.